Coastal Sanaag & Bari, Puntland - Mid to late 1840s

Illustrations done by French explorer Charles Guillain, between 1846 and 1848, during his visits to the coastal Sanaag and Bari regions of Puntland.


Ilig, Puntland - Early 1930s

Ilig, Puntland - Early 1930s


Hafun Fort Hafun Fort destruction

Hafun, Puntland - 1920s

The bombardment of Hafun Fort by Italian forces.


                     Boqor Osman 1927

Photo of Boqor Cusmaan Boqor Maxamuud ( Boqor Osman Mahamud) of the northern sultanate in Muqdisho following his capture by the Italians.

Background:

De Vecchi, the governor of Italian Somaliland, had to reassess his plans as he was being humiliated on many fronts. After one year of exerting full force he could not yet manage to gain a result over the sultanate. In spite of the fact that the Italian navy sealed the sultanate’s main coastal entrance, they could not succeed in stopping them from receiving arms and ammunition through it. It was only early 1927 when they finally succeeded in shutting the northern coast of the sultanate, thus cutting arms and ammunition supplies. By this time, the balance had tilted to the Italian’s side, and in January 1927 they began to attack with a massive force, capturing Iskushuban, at the heart of the sultanate. Hersi Boqor unsuccessfully attacked and challenged the Italians at Iskushuban. To demoralise the resistance, ships were ordered to raze and bombard the sultanate’s coastal towns and villages. In the interior the Italian troops confiscated livestock. By the end of the 1927 the Italians had nearly taken control of the sultanate. 

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Aqal Soomaali ( Somali hut) of a nomad Stone and wooden houses - Eyl, Puntland (1960) The main river Aqal Soomaali ( Somali hut) reinforced with ropes

Eyl, Puntland - 1960

Eyl is an ancient town situated near the Hafun peninsula. This isolated coastal town once served as the capital of the Dervish state.


The Nomadic Culture of Mudug, Puntland (1980)

A camera crew follows the lives of a pastoral nomad community in the Jariban district of Mudug, Puntland.


The Tombs of Taleh (Taleex)
The tombs of the relatives of the Dervish movement including Carro Seed Magan, mother of Sayid Mohammed Abdalla Hasan ( leader of the Dervish movement). The famous fort of Taleh was later built around the collection of the Dervish tombs.

The Tombs of Taleh (Taleex)

The tombs of the relatives of the Dervish movement including Carro Seed Magan, mother of Sayid Mohammed Abdalla Hasan ( leader of the Dervish movement). The famous fort of Taleh was later built around the collection of the Dervish tombs.


 Hafun (Xaafuun), Puntland - 1928

Hafun (Xaafuun), Puntland - 1928


The Battle for Buuhoodle Fort ( Natives vs Sikh Troops) Buuhoodle Fort and Surroundings The Interior of The Fort Map Captive Children Buuhoodle

The Battle For Buuhoodle - Early 1900s


Illustration of the arrest of Sultan Yusuf Ali by Italian Forces Sultan Ali Yusuf ( left ) - 1926 Sultan Ali Yusuf Obbia ( Hobyo) Armed Guards Obbia ( Hobyo ) beachfront Obbia ( Hobyo ) Obbia (Hobyo) Obbia (Hobyo) Obbia (Hobyo) Obbia (Hobyo)

The Obbia (Hobyo) Sultanate


Grand Assembly of Warriors ( Alula, Puntland) Ras Orbe ( Dourboh), Puntland Lagoon ( Alula, Puntland) Ras Hafun, Puntland Bender Meraya, Puntland Bender Meraya, Puntland Warriors on Horseback (Hafun, Puntland)

Coastal Puntland - 1880 (Part 2)

The above are illustrations by a French explorer who visited several coastal towns and villages in the “Cape of Spices” (the north-eastern tip of Africa).


Bender Ziyada ( Qaw), Puntland Bender Khor (Boutiala), Puntland Store in Qandala, Puntland Qandala, Puntland Qandala, Puntland

Coastal Puntland - 1880 (Part 1)

The above are illustrations by a French explorer who visited several coastal towns and villages in the “Cape of Spices” (the north-eastern tip of Africa).


The Greater Bosaso area, Puntland - 1920s


Bosaso ( Bandar Qasim), Puntland Qaw ( Bender Ziada), Puntland Bosaso ( Bandar Qasim), Puntland Bosaso ( Bandar Qassim), Puntland Bosaso ( Bandar Qassim), Puntland

The Greater Bosaso area ( Bandar Qasim & Qaw), Puntland - 1920s


Traditional Elders - Mudug, Puntland Boqor Osman Mahamuud Sultan Yusuf Mahamuud, brother of Boqor Osman Mahamuud Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid Sultan Mohamoud Ali Shire

Portraits of Puntland’s Past ( Part II ) : Photos From The Early 20th Century.